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Inter-Vehicle Communication for Safety Driving


In Highways and Streets, traffic is increasing in exponential manner, so that accident rates also increases. According to the World Health Organization, road traffic injuries lead to an estimated 1.26 million deaths worldwide.  The main reasons for these traffic accidents are due to reckless driving of drivers or vehicle owner (Driver behavior) who doesn't maintain necessary distance between vehicles, drunken drivers, over taking, traffic rules violation, break failure, poor roadway maintenance, and Hazard visibility (failed to Look properly). Collision of four wheel vehicles and other big vehicles lead to more death rate than compared with other small vehicles.

 To avoid such accidents, it is necessary to maintain certain distance between vehicles – “Inter-Vehicular Distance”.  A warning system should be employed inside the vehicle, so that the vehicle could sense the distance between other vehicles and intimate to driver. And this warning systems will also shows presence of other vehicles around it with their speeds and other necessity information. This system also provides information regarding any Hazard conditions (Brake failure, door lock failure, etc) happened inside the vehicle body.

 In order to maintain minimum distance between vehicles, each vehicle is employed with some distance measure sensors (Infrared based or ultra-sonic sensors). Sensors send information to a graphical LCD via controller. Not only distance, has LCD also displayed the fuel consumption, speed of the vehicle, brake failure status, etc. Each vehicle shares this information to other vehicles and vice versa by using an Ad-hoc wireless network. In this project, ZIGBEE/ blue-tooth based wireless Ad-hoc network will be used for Inter- Vehicular communication.


Block Diagram

Inter-Vehicle Communication for safety driving

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